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4th Grade

Earth’s Systems: Processes that Shape the Earth

Stop Disasters!


Natural Hazards

NASA Earth Observatory is a great opportunity for students to build real world connections as they navigate this up-to-date worldwide natural hazards map! They can learn about what is happening in current events and the impact of natural disasters.

deep time

Deep Time

This infographic offers a visual way to explore the various stages of the Earth’s history using a 12 hour clock analogy!  Students can explore lifeforms, major events, and eons as the navigate the history of Earth.

Plate Tectonics

Tectonic Plates, Earthquakes, and Volcanoes

In this interactive activity produced for Teachers’ Domain with images from NASA, see the relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes and the boundaries of tectonic plates!
plate reconstruction

Global Plate Reconstructions


Shape It Up!

The goal of this game is for students to change one land formation to look like another. Students choose the force and the time span that force will act on the land as they explore erosion forces!
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  • The locations of mountain ranges, deep ocean trenches, ocean floor structures, earthquakes, and volcanoes occur in patterns. Most earthquakes and volcanoes occur in bands that are often along the boundaries between continents and oceans. Major mountain chains form inside continents or near their edges. Maps can help locate the different land and water features areas of Earth. (4-ESS2-2)
  • A variety of hazards result from natural processes (e.g., earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions). Humans cannot eliminate the hazards but can take steps to reduce their impacts. (4-ESS3-2)
  • Local, regional, and global patterns of rock formations reveal changes over time due to earth forces, such as earthquakes. The presence and location of certain fossil types indicate the order in which rock layers were formed. (4-ESS1-1)
  • Living things affect the physical characteristics of their regions. (4-ESS2-1)
  • Rainfall helps to shape the land and affects the types of living things found in a region. Water, ice, wind, living organisms, and gravity break rocks, soils, and sediments into smaller particles and move them around. (4-ESS2-1)
  • Testing a solution involves investigating how well it performs under a range of likely conditions. (secondary to 4-ESS3-2)

About NGSS

Next Generation Science Standards is a multi-state effort to create new education standards that are “rich in content and practice, arranged in a coherent manner across disciplines and grades to provide all students an internationally benchmarked science education.”


Our team from Temple University has developed this resource for all K-12 students and teachers of science. These vetted learning tools align to the NGSS. Find one we should include? Just fill out the form.

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Next Generation Science Standards NGSS logo



Many of these science resources require Java and Flash. Click below to download.

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Temple University College of Science and Technology logo